Plato, Republic, Book 1All rights reserved. Socrates's feelings about the show? Generally, it was A-Okay. As Socrates and Glaucon are leaving, another friend of theirs sees them and has his slave run over to get their attention. The slave grabs Socrates's coat and says that his master, Polemarchus, insists that they wait up. Socrates asks where in the world Polemarchus himself is, and the slave replies that he's coming soon, so they need to wait. Socrates agrees to wait up, and sure enough, Polemarchus shows up with a bunch of other people: Adeimantus, Niceratus the brother of Socrates's friend Glaucon , and some other unnamed folks.
All Search Options [ view abbreviations ]. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position:. Socrates I 1 went down yesterday to the Peiraeus 2 with Glaucon, the son of Ariston, to pay my devotions 3 to the Goddess, 4 and also because I wished to see how they would conduct the festival since this was its inauguration. Wait for him.
As in most other Platonic dialogues the main character is Socrates. In the Republic however, we encounter Socrates developing a position on justice and its relation to e udaimonia happiness. He provides a long and complicated, but unified argument, in defense of the just life and its necessary connection to the happy life. The dialogue explores two central questions. In order to address these two questions, Socrates and his interlocutors construct a just city in speech, the Kallipolis. They do this in order to explain what justice is and then they proceed to illustrate justice by analogy in the human soul.
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In The Republic, Plato, speaking through his teacher Socrates, sets out to answer two questions. What is justice? Why should we be just? Book I sets up these challenges. Yet he offers no definition of his own, and the discussion ends in aporia —a deadlock, where no further progress is possible and the interlocutors feel less sure of their beliefs than they had at the start of the conversation. The Republic moves beyond this deadlock.