Booker T. Washington | Biography, Facts, & Accomplishments | toscaeetslakken.comBorn a slave on a Virginia farm, Washington rose to become one of the most influential African-American intellectuals of the late 19th century. In , he founded the Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to training teachers. Although Washington clashed with other black leaders such as W. Du Bois and drew ire for his seeming acceptance of segregation, he is recognized for his educational advancements and attempts to promote economic self-reliance among African Americans. Across the landscape of the most anguished era of American race relations strode the self-assured and influential Booker T. The foremost black educator, power broker, and institution builder of his time, Washington in founded Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to industrial and moral education and to the training of public school teachers. From his southern small-town base, he created a national political network of schools, newspapers, and the National Negro Business League founded in
Booker T. Washington Biography
Booker T. He was born in a slave hut but, after emancipation, moved with his family to Malden, West Virginia. Dire poverty ruled out regular schooling; at age nine he began working, first in a salt furnace and later in a coal mine. Determined to get an education , he enrolled at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute now Hampton University in Virginia , working as a janitor to help pay expenses. He graduated in and returned to Malden, where for two years he taught children in a day school and adults at night.
Jane named her son Booker Taliaferro but later dropped the second name. Booker gave himself the surname "Washington" when he first enrolled in school. Sometime after Booker's birth, his mother was married to Washington Ferguson, a slave. A daughter, Amanda, was born to this marriage. James, Booker's younger half-brother, was adopted. Booker's elder brother, John, was also the son of a White man.
Who Was Booker T. Washington?
Born into slavery in Virginia in the mid-to-late s, Booker T. Washington put himself through school and became a teacher after the Civil War. In , he founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama now known as Tuskegee University , which grew immensely and focused on training African Americans in agricultural pursuits. A political adviser and writer, Washington clashed with intellectual W. Du Bois over the best avenues for racial uplift. Du Bois, Booker T. Washington and the Origins of the Civil Rights Movement.