Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP)
APQP Phases and Activities
Having a clear understanding of what customers want, need, and expect in a product and then planning accordingly will ensure customer product expectations are met in every way. Even if you have a quality management system in place, APQP is worth the effort, especially if you are in the business of manufacturing new or improved products. Production processes often have inherent risks, such as process failures. Following the APQP process can help minimize these risks. In turn, risk management leads to greater quality control and business success. General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler all had an APQP deployment and saw the need to come together to create a common core of product quality-planning principles for suppliers. Because supply chains are important in automotive manufacturing, the intent was to make sure supplier partners met customer quality requirements for each component supplied.
Advanced product quality planning APQP is a framework of procedures and techniques used to develop products in industry , particularly in the automotive industry. Advanced product quality planning is a process developed in the late s by a commission of experts who gathered around the 'Big Three' of the US automobile industry: Ford, GM and Chrysler. This commission invested five years to analyze the then-current automotive development and production status in the US, Europe and especially in Japan. At the time, the success of the Japanese automotive companies was starting to be remarkable in the US market. APQP is utilized today by these three companies and some affiliates.
It can be applied to any industry and is similar in many respects to the concept of design for six sigma DFSS. The Advanced Product Quality Planning process consists of four phases and five major activities along with ongoing feedback assessment and corrective action as shown below. A further indication of the APQP process is to examine the process outputs by phase. This is shown in the table below:. The advance quality planning process provides feedback from other similar projects with the objective of developing counter-measures on the current project. Other mechanisms with verification and validation, design reviews, analysis of customer feedback and warranty data also satisfy this objective. Design within process capabilities.