How to Apply Critical Thinking Using Paul-Elder FrameworkThe critical thinking provides an efficient method for designers, design students, and researchers for evaluating arguments and ideas through rational inductive and deductive reasoning in order to improving thinking about ideas. As a result, we eliminate biases, distractions, and similar factors that can negatively affect our decisions and judgments. In design, we can use critical thinking to escape our current mindsets in order to reach innovative outcomes. The critical thinking process is based on three main stages; observe the problem to build rational knowledge, ask questions to analyze and evaluate data, and find answers to the questions that can be formulated into a solution for the problem. These stages are translated into six steps 6 Steps for Effective Critical Thinking :. Based on the above, the essential part of the critical thinking represents building a clear coherent reasoning for the argument in hand.
The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking-Concepts and Tools
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