Positive and normative economicsEconomists frequently distinguish between 'positive' and 'normative' economics. Positive economics is concerned with the development and testing of positive statements about the world that are objective and verifiable. Normative statements derive from an opinion or a point of view. Thus the words 'should', 'ought to' or 'it is better to' frequently occur. The validity of normative statements can never be tested.
Positive and Normative Economic Statements
Economics Tutorials. Economics is both science and art. And it is not only limited to fact or fiction. It is the combination of both. You may think, why then there are two divisions of economics?
Positive economics describes and explains various economic phenomena, while normative economics focuses on the value of economic fairness or what the economy should be. To put it simply, positive economics is called the "what is" branch of economics. Normative economics, on the other hand, is considered the branch of economics that tries to determine people's desirability to different economic programs and conditions by asking what "should" be or what "ought" to be. Positive economics is a stream of economics that focuses on the description, quantification, and explanation of economic developments, expectations, and associated phenomena. It relies on objective data analysis, relevant facts, and associated figures. It attempts to establish any cause-and-effect relationships or behavioral associations which can help ascertain and test the development of economics theories. Positive economics is objective and fact-based where the statements are precise, descriptive, and clearly measurable.